NVMe Driver

The Rust NVMe driver is an effort to implement a PCI NVMe driver in safe Rust for use in the Linux Kernel. The purpose of the driver is to provide a vehicle for development of safe Rust abstractions and to prove feasibility of Rust as an implementation language for high performance device drivers.

The Linux Rust NVMe driver lives here. This branch is routinely rebased on upstream Linux releases. Please be aware that the nvme branch is force pushed without notice. The version based on the deprecated rust branch is available here.

The Rust NVMe driver was originally authored by Wedson Almeida Filho and is now maintained by Andreas Hindborg (Samsung).

The driver is not currently suitable for general use.


Performance September 2023

The driver was rebased on top of rust-next PR for 6.6 in September 2023.


  • 12th Gen Intel(R) Core(TM) i5-12600
  • 32 GB DRAM
  • 1x INTEL MEMPEK1W016GA (PCIe 3.0 x2)
  • Debian Bullseye userspace


iops-512 iops-all

Performance January 2023

Performance evaluation as of January 2023.


  • Dell PowerEdge R6525
  • 1 CPU socket populated - EPYC 7313, 16 cores
  • 128 GB DRAM
  • 3x P5800x 16GT/s x4 7.88 GB/s (PCIe 4)
  • Debian bullseye (linux 5.19.0+)


iops relative


For 4 KiB block size, the Rust NVMe driver performs similar to the C driver. For this configuration the target drive is bandwidth limited.

For 512 B block size, the C driver outperforms the Rust driver by up to 6%. In this configuration the drive is not bandwidth limited, but the benchmark becomes compute limited. The Rust driver has a higher overhead and thus performs worse.

Work Items

  • Remove all unsafe code from the driver
  • Support device removal
  • Verify functionality by executing blktests and xfstests in CI
  • Add sys-fs nodes to allow use of nvme-cli with Rust NVMe driver
  • Support more kernel configurations by deferring initialization to a task queue
  • Improve performance of Rust NVMe driver


Please contact Andreas Hindborg through Zulip.