rustc_codegen_gcc is a GCC ahead-of-time codegen for rustc, meaning that it can be loaded by the existing rustc frontend, but benefits from GCC by having more architectures supported and having access to GCC’s optimizations.

Rust for Linux can be compiled with rustc_codegen_gcc which allows to have a GCC-compiled Linux kernel with Rust kernel modules compiled with GCC as well.

Blog with updates about the progress of the GCC codegen.

Building rustc_codegen_gcc and the sysroot

The following have been tested with GCC commit b334f15ed21c95868059a16484a1948be08e26a3 and rustc_codegen_gcc commit c6bc7ecd65046ee502118664f42637ca318cdfb5.

Follow the build instructions here.

Building Rust for Linux

Follow the Rust for Linux Quick Start instructions with a few changes as explained below.

Since the GCC codegen might not work on every nightly version (that should soon be fixed now that we run some tests in the Rust CI), we're going to use the same nightly version as the GCC codegen instead of using the version recommended by Rust for Linux:

rustup override set nightly-2023-10-21 # Adjust to the version used by the GCC codegen.

Now, you need to set some variables to build Rust for Linux with the GCC codegen (do not forget to adjust your path to rustc_codegen_gcc):

make -j20 KRUSTFLAGS="-Zcodegen-backend=/path/to/rustc_codegen_gcc/target/debug/ \
    --sysroot /path/to/rustc_codegen_gcc/build_sysroot/sysroot" \
    HOSTRUSTFLAGS="-Zcodegen-backend=/path/to/rustc_codegen_gcc/target/debug/ \
    --sysroot /path/to/rustc_codegen_gcc/build_sysroot/sysroot -Clto=no"

Since we use a different nightly version, you might need to adjust the code of the alloc crate built by Rust for Linux. You'll see some errors when running the above command in this case.


If that didn't build the Rust object files, run make menuconfig again and check if the "Rust support" is available. It could be that you have RUST_IS_AVAILABLE [=n]. In that case, run make rustavailable with the KRUSTFLAGS you used above. That should give you the correct error, which could be one of those:

  • cannot open shared object file: No such file or directory
    • In this case, make sure you set LD_LIBRARY_PATH and LIBRARY_PATH.
  • Source code for the 'core' standard library could not be found
    • In this case, make sure you used a recent enough version of rustc_codegen_gcc (c6bc7ecd65046ee502118664f42637ca318cdfb5 or more recent should be good) that copies the source of the sysroot at the correct location.


Please contact Antoni Boucher (antoyo) on IRC.